The coronavirus epidemic is growing in the U.S. with more than 4,442 sick people. In the absence of treatment, preventive measures to avoid transmission are essential. Hand washing, wearing gloves, confinement, social distance… This is how to increase your chances of not getting sick.
Gestures adapted to daily life to prevent the spread of the virus
The two things that it is essential to insist on are: hand hygiene and eviction of visibly ill people”. These are two simple and common sense measures that would greatly limit the spread of the virus. The WHO thus recommends adopting a certain number of “barrier gestures”:
Wash hands frequently and properly: “Washing hands (with soap and water) thoroughly minimizes the risk of becoming contaminated after touching a surface that has been previously contaminated by a sick person, and then touching the face, mouth or eyes,” .
- coronavirus” name=”gel-hydro-alcoholic gel- coronavirus”>Having hydro-alcoholic gel with you: as it is not always possible to find a water and soap point when leaving a public place, the doctor invites you to always carry a hydro-alcoholic solution with you. If you can’t find any more in pharmacies, it is possible to make some at home.
- Maintain a “social” distance: “Keep a safe distance of one feet between yourself and a person who is coughing or sneezing. This is the distance that allows you not to be touched by the droplets from the nose or mouth that could contain the virus” insists our interlocutor. When the area is confined and it is not possible to keep this distance, the specialist recommends “turning your back on the sick person, so that the secretions are less likely to touch the face”.
- Avoid shaking hands or hugging to greet each other.
- Avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes: nose, eyes and mouths are all possible “entry points” for the virus. During an outbreak, it is best to avoid touching your face as much as possible with your potentially contaminated hands.
- Practice good respiratory hygiene: when in doubt that we ourselves are carriers of the virus: coughing and sneezing into the crease of one’s elbow or into a handkerchief that will be immediately thrown away, limits potential exposure of the virus to those around us.
- Cough or sneeze into your elbow.
- Use disposable tissues.
- Limit your movements to what is strictly necessary.
- All visits by outside persons are suspended in residential facilities for dependent elderly persons and long-term care units.
- People over 70 must limit their outings and “stay in their homes as much as possible”, as well as those suffering from chronic diseases, respiratory disorders and disabilities.
- Employees who can telework are invited to do so as much as possible.
Is it necessary to wear a mask?
A mask is neither washable nor reusable.
“Wearing a mask in the general population is not particularly effective because it is often not used properly. In the end, the mask would tend to provide a “false sense” of security, lowering the wearer’s alertness”. Faced with the proliferation of the epidemic and the lack of possible masks, the government has decided to reserve their issue to patients on medical prescription, to high-risk contacts, to professionals in the field of personal assistance, medical transport, health professions, in the city and in hospitals.
The mask is single-use and is in no way washable or reusable.
The mask must also be adapted to the size of the face and must be well positioned (the padded side of the nasal bar must be placed on the hump of the nose to protect the nose).